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Table 3 Multi-level structure partitions of genetically distinguishable geography-based groupings identified in the sampling

From: Inference of ancestry: constructing hierarchical reference populations and assigning unknown individuals

Resolution Geographic grouping
Global level Africa,a, b Oceania,a, b the Americas,a, b
Middle East/Europe,a, b East Asiaa, b
Population level Basque,a BiakaPygmy,a Burusho,a
Colombian,a Druze,a Japanese,
Kalash,a Karitiana,a, b Lahu,a Mandenka,
Maya,a Mbuti,a Melanesian,a Mozabite,a
Orcadian, Palestinian,a Papuan,a Pima,a
Russian, San,a Sardinian,a Surui,a, b
Balochi, Bantu, Bedouin, Biaka Pygmy,
Cambodian, Colombian, Druze, French,
Kalash, Karitiana, Lahu, Mayan, Mbuti,
Melanesian, Mozabite, Naxi, Orcadian,
Oroqen, Palestinian, Pima, San, Sindhi,
Surui, Yoruba
  1. Geographically-defined groups at global and population levels, in which the strong majority of individuals were uniformly and uniquely assigned to a single cluster, were considered genetically distinguishable from others in the sampling. Lineage level structure was identified when small subgroups of individuals demonstrating elevated indications of relatedness (see Table 1) were found within geographically-defined groups.
  2. a Structure partition also identified in Rosenberg et al. [6]
  3. b Structure partition also identified in Corander et al. [11]
  4. c Structure partition identified in Rosenberg et al. [6], but not in current analysis