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Table 1 Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) response, mean and standard deviation per item, in the Finnish control drinkers, problem drinkers and treated alcohol-dependent groups, based on AUDIT score and/or alcohol treatment status

From: The role of aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1A1) polymorphisms in harmful alcohol consumption in a Finnish population

Item Assessment AUDIT item descriptiona Controlsb Problem drinkersc Treated alcoholicsd
- Subjects(n) - 105 64 104
- Clinically treated for alcoholism - 0 0 100%
1 Hazardous alcohol consumption Frequency of drinking days 2.5 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 1.0
2 Hazardous alcohol consumption Average number of drinks per session 1.1 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 10.8 3.4 ± 1.1
3 Hazardous alcohol consumption Frequency of six or more drinks 1.4 ± 0.8 3.4 ± 0.7 3.0 ± 1.0
4 Dependence symptoms Impaired control over drinking 0.1 ± 0.3 2.6 ± 1.2 2.3 ± 1.4
5 Dependence symptoms Increased salience of drinking 0.1 ± 0.3 2.0 ± 1.2 2.3 ± 1.3
6 Dependence symptoms Morning drinking 0.1 ± 0.3 2.6 ± 1.3 2.7 ± 1.3
7 Alcohol-related problems Guilt after drinking 0.5 ± 0.6 2.9 ± 1.2 2.7 ± 1.4
8 Alcohol-related problems Alcohol-related blackouts 0.4 ± 0.5 2.4 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.3
9 Alcohol-related problems Alcohol-related injuries 0.2 ± 0.7 2.2 ± 1.5 2.6 ± 1.5
10 Alcohol-related problems Others concerned about drinking 0.0 ± 0.4 3.4 ± 0.9 3.6 ± 0.9
- Hazardous/harmful alcohol usee AUDIT score (sum of items) 6.3 ± 3.1 28.3 ± 5.4 27.7 ± 8.4
  1. aAll AUDIT items, except questions 9 and 10, are confined to previous year.
  2. bThe Finnish population consists of alcoholic subjects recruited from alcohol treatment facilities (n = 104) and volunteer subjects from the general population that includes control drinkers (n = 105), hazardous drinkers (n = 32) and problem drinkers, as defined by the AUDIT (n = 64). Control drinkers had an AUDIT score ≤12 and had consumed alcohol in the previous year.
  3. cProblem drinkers have an AUDIT score ≥20 but were not recruited from alcohol treatment facilities.
  4. dTreated alcoholics were recruited from alcohol treatment facilities.
  5. eAn AUDIT score ≥12 indicates a pattern of hazardous consumption, while an AUDIT score ≥20 suggests that the subject is alcohol dependent13.