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Table 3 Fourteen metabolite profiling in the priests

From: Distinct transcriptional and metabolic profiles associated with empathy in Buddhist priests: a pilot study

Metabolites Priests (n = 10) Control (n = 10) Fold change P value r
Methionine 5.2E − 03 (4.7–6.0) E − 03 3.7E − 03 (3.1–4.1) E − 03 1.43 0.0002 − 0.761
3-Aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA) 10.0E − 04 (9.6–13.7) E − 04 2.5E − 04 (2.0–5.4) E − 04 3.06 0.0015 − 0.676
Phenylalanine 2.7E − 02 (2.4–3.0) E − 02 2.2E − 02 (2.1–2.3) E − 02 1.36 0.0029 − 0.642
Choline 8.1E − 03 (7.5–10.2) E − 03 6.7E − 03 (5.6–7.3) E − 03 1.38 0.0052 − 0.608
SDMA (symmetric dimethylarginine) 2.2E − 04 (2.0–2.3) E − 04 2.0E − 04 (1.6–2.0) E − 04 1.20 0.010 − 0.563
2-Aminoadipic acid 3.3E − 04 (2.9–3.8) E − 04 2.0E − 04 (1.7–2.4) E − 03 1.45 0.012 − 0.558
2-Aminobutyric acid (AABA) 8.7E − 03 (7.6–10.7) E − 03 6.8E − 03 (5.9–7.3) E − 03 1.38 0.019 − 0.524
ADMA (asymmetric dimethylarginine) 1.8E − 04 (1.6–2.2) E − 04 1.5E − 04 (1.4–1.7) E − 04 1.20 0.025 − 0.507
Valine 10.3E − 02 (9.4–10.9) E − 02 9.0E − 02 (8.6–10.5) E − 02 1.09 0.023 − 0.507
AC(13:1) 5.9E − 05 (4.5–10.3) E − 05 3.2E − 05 (2.2–4.3) E − 05 1.79 0.027 − 0.491
Creatinine 1.3E − 02 (1.0–2.0) E − 02 0.9E − 02 (0.8–1.1) E − 02 1.64 0.030 − 0.483
Leucine 7.8E − 02 (7.5–9.2) E − 02 7.1E − 02 (6.8–7.8) E − 02 1.14 0.036 − 0.473
Histidine 2.3E − 02 (2.1–2.4) E − 02 2.0E − 02 (1.7–2.3) E − 02 1.10 0.043 − 0.456
Isoleucine 4.5E − 02 (4.2–5.2) E − 02 3.8E − 02 (3.4–4.4) E − 02 1.21 0.043 − 0.456
  1. Values are expressed as median and interquartile range (25–75th percentile). A P value < 0.05 is statistically significant by Mann–Whitney U test. A P value < 0.05 is statistically significant by Mann–Whitney U test. Cohen’s guidelines for the effect sizes (r) for Mann–Whitney U test are that a large effect is 0.5, a medium effect is 0.3, and small effect is 0.1 [28]