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Table 2 Students’ attitudes towards pharmacogenetic testing and personalized medicine

From: Perceptions of students in health and molecular life sciences regarding pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine

  Total Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Medicine Genetics and Bioeng. Faculty of Health Studies Non- ML&HS faculties p*
Have you heard about personal genome testing companies?
 Yes 271 (50)a 95 (57) 101 (64) 29 (44) 23 (37) 23 (27) < 0.01
 No 136 (26) 39 (23) 26 (16) 25 (38) 22 (36) 24 (18)
 Do not know 131 (24) 32 (20) 31 (20) 12 (18) 17 (27) 39 (31)
Total 538 166 158 66 62 86
To what extent do you think genes influence your health?
 Completely 74 (13) 30 (18) 18 (11) 8 (13) 7 (11) 11 (13) < 0.01
 Moderately 375 (69) 129 (78) 132 (80) 43 (68) 36 (56) 35 (41)
 Not at all 37 (7) 1 (1) 10 (6) 4 (6) 1 (2) 21 (24)
 Do not know 58 (11) 6 (3) 5 (3) 8 (13%) 20 (31) 19 (22)
Total 544 166 165 63 64 86
Would you consider having a genetic test done to find out what illnesses you might develop in the future?
 Yes 374 (69) 138 (83) 101 (64) 45 (68) 38 (59) 52 (60) < 0.01
 No 110 (21) 20 (12) 36 (23) 15 (23) 20 (31) 19 (22)
 Not sure 56 (10) 8 (5) 20 (13) 6 (9) 6 (10) 16 (18)
Total 540 166 157 66 64 87
Do you agree that personalized medicine represents a new and promising healthcare model?
 Agree 295 (57) 116 (70) 83 (52) 31 (74) 24 (37) 41 (48) < 0.01
 Disagree 62 (12) 14 (8) 17 (11) 1 (2) 10 (16) 20 (23)
 Not sure 160 (31) 37 (22) 58 (37) 10 (24) 30 (47) 25 (29)
Total 517 167 158 42 64 86
Have you ever had an adverse drug reaction?
 Yes 91 (17) 41 (25) 22 (14) 8 (13) 10 (16) 10 (11) < 0.01
 No 328 (61) 82 (51) 112 (71) 45 (69) 42 (67) 47 (54)  
 Do not know 89 (16) 38 (23) 20 (13) 10 (15) 8 (13) 13 (15)  
 I have never taken any medication 29 (6) 2 (1) 4 (2) 2 (3) 3 (5) 18 (20)  
 Total 537 163 158 65 63 88  
Have you ever found that a particular drug did not work for you?
 Yes 184 (34) 67 (41) 47 (30) 26 (39) 25 (39) 19 (22)  
 No 226 (42) 69 (42) 76 (49) 25 (38) 25 (39) 31 (35)  
 Do not know 90 (17) 27 (16) 26 (18) 11 (17) 7 (11) 19 (22)  
 I have never taken any medication 37 (6) 2 (1) 5 (3) 4 (6) 7 (11) 19 (22)  
Total 537 165 154 66 64 88  
If a PG test revealed that prescribed drug would either be ineffective or cause severe side effects, would you take the drug anyway?
 Take the drug anyway 62 (12) 17 (10) 38 (23) 6 (10) 9 (14) 2 (2) < 0.01
 Accept the test result and not take the drug 117 (22) 34 (20) 27 (16) 20 (30) 20 (32) 16 (19)  
 Accept the test result and take the drug only if the disease might be life-threatening 207 (39) 79 (48) 61(37) 24 (36) 15 (24) 28 (33)  
 Not sure 150 (28) 36 (22) 39 (24) 16 (24) 19 (30) 40 (46)  
Total 536 166 165 66 63 66  
Would you consider contacting a personal genome testing company and ordering a PG test for yourself?
 Yes 211 (39) 85 (52) 54 (33) 30 (45) 28 (44) 20 (23) 0.01
 No 117 (22) 24 (14) 39 (24) 14 (21) 17 (27) 21 (24)  
 Do not know 210 57 (34) 69(43) 22 (34) 18 (29) 45 (53)  
Total 538 166 162 66 63 86  
  1. ML&HS Molecular Life and Health Science
  2. *Chi-square test, Bonferroni-adjusted p values
  3. aPercentage (%)