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Table 1 Sex bias of selected bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral infections

From: The X chromosome and sex-specific effects in infectious disease susceptibility

Infection Organism Disease Bias Reference
Bacterial Treponema pallidum Syphilis Male [103,104,105]
Borrelia burgdorferi Lyme disease Male (age) [71, 72]
Vibrio vulnificus Infection Male [106]
Staphylococcus aureus Infection Male [107, 108]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection Male [107, 108]
Escherichia coli Bacteraemias Female [107, 108]
Fungal Cryptococcus neoformans Fungal meningitis Male [109,110,111]
Candida albicans Onychomycosis Female [112,113,114,115,116,117]
Paracoccidioidal brasiliensis Infect mucosal membranes Male [118]
Parasitic Schistosoma Schistosomiasis Male [119,120,121]
Leishmania Leishmaniasis Male [119,120,121]
Taenia Tapeworm Female [119,120,121]
Viral Influenza A Influenza Male [122,123,124,125]
Hepatitis C Hepatitis Male [73, 74]