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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristic of subjects

From: Association of HTRA1 and ARMS2 gene polymorphisms with response to intravitreal ranibizumab among neovascular age-related macular degenerative subjects

Parameter   nAMD (n = 145) Controls (n = 145) P valuea
Age   69.10 ± 7.51 64.96 ± 10.12 < 0.001b*
Gender Male 86 (59.3) 105 (72.4)  
Female 59 (40.7) 40 (27.6) 0.019*
Race Malay 51 (35.2) 60 (41.4)  
Chinese 88 (60.7) 58 (40.0)  
Indian 6 (4.1) 27 (18.6) < 0.001*
Co-morbidities DM 47 (32.4) 57 (39.3) 0.221
HPT 90 (62.1) 64 (44.1) 0.002*
DM + HPT 40 (27.6) 36 (24.8) 0.593
Smoking   50 (34.5) 24 (16.6) < 0.001*
  1. Data are presented as percentages in parentheses
  2. DM diabetes mellitus, HPT hypertension
  3. *Significant P value, P < 0.05
  4. aChi-square test
  5. bStudent’s t test