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  1. The CATH database provides hierarchical classification of protein domains based on their folding patterns. Domains are obtained from protein structures deposited in the Protein Data Bank and both domain identi...

    Authors: Michael Knudsen and Carsten Wiuf
    Citation: Human Genomics 2010 4:207
  2. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc proteases that degrade most of the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). MMPs also have a number of non-traditional roles in processing factors rel...

    Authors: Brian C Jackson, Daniel W Nebert and Vasilis Vasiliou
    Citation: Human Genomics 2010 4:194
  3. After advanced age, having a parent affected with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most significant risk factor for developing AD among cognitively normal (NL) individuals. Although rare genetic mutations have ...

    Authors: Lisa Mosconi, Valentina Berti, Russell H Swerdlow, Alberto Pupi, Ranjan Duara and Mony de Leon
    Citation: Human Genomics 2010 4:170
  4. Chronic bronchopulmonary bacterial infections remain the most common cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Recent community sequencing work has now shown that the bacterial...

    Authors: Melissa S Doud, Michael Light, Gisela Gonzalez, Giri Narasimhan and Kalai Mathee
    Citation: Human Genomics 2010 4:147
  5. Aldehyde oxidases (EC are a small group of structurally conserved cytosolic proteins represented in both the animal and plant kingdoms. In vertebrates, aldehyde oxidases constitute the small sub-famil...

    Authors: Enrico Garattini, Maddalena Fratelli and Mineko Terao
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:119
  6. This review provides an update on the current state of pharmacogenetic research in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Lewy body disease (LBD) as it pertains to the use of cholinesterase inhibitors (...

    Authors: Benjamin Lam, Elizabeth Hollingdrake, James L Kennedy, Sandra E. Black and Mario Masellis
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:91
  7. High-altitude environments (>2,500 m) provide scientists with a natural laboratory to study the physiological and genetic effects of low ambient oxygen tension on human populations. One approach to understandi...

    Authors: Abigail W. Bigham, Xianyun Mao, Rui Mei, Tom Brutsaert, Megan J. Wilson, Colleen Glyde Julian, Esteban J. Parra, Joshua M. Akey, Lorna G. Moore and Mark D. Shriver
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:79
  8. Searching for genes contributing to longevity is a typical task in association analysis. A number of methods can be used for finding this association -- from the simplest method based on the technique of conti...

    Authors: Alexander Begun
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:73
  9. The Cytochrome P450 Homepage is a universal resource for nomenclature and sequence information on cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes. The site has been in continuous operation since February 1995. Currently, naming info...

    Authors: David R. Nelson
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:59
  10. The rate of change in genomics, and 'omics generally, shows no signs of slowing down. Related analysis software is struggling to keep apace. This paper provides a brief review of the field.

    Authors: Michael E Weale
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:56
  11. Candidate gene studies are generally motivated by some form of pathway reasoning in the selection of genes to be studied, but seldom has the logic of the approach been carried through to the analysis. Marginal...

    Authors: Duncan C. Thomas, David V. Conti, James Baurley, Frederik Nijhout, Michael Reed and Cornelia M. Ulrich
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:21
  12. With the trend in molecular epidemiology towards both genome-wide association studies and complex modelling, the need for large sample sizes to detect small effects and to allow for the estimation of many para...

    Authors: Courtney Gray-McGuire, Murielle Bochud, Robert Goodloe and Robert C. Elston
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 4:2
  13. Genotype imputation for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has been shown to be a powerful means to include genetic markers in exploratory genetic association studies without having to genotype them, and i...

    Authors: David Ellinghaus, Stefan Schreiber, Andre Franke and Michael Nothnagel
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:371
  14. Aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) are phase I metabolising enzymes that catalyse the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H)-dependent reduction of carbonyl groups to yield primary and secondary...

    Authors: Rebekka D. Mindnich and Trevor M. Penning
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:362
  15. One of the hallmarks of bacterial survival is their ability to adapt rapidly to changing environmental conditions. Niche adaptation is a response to the signals received that are relayed, often to regulators t...

    Authors: Deepak Balasubramanian and Kalai Mathee
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:349
  16. The diversity of hosts, pathogens and host-pathogen relationships reflects the influence of selective pressures that fuel diversity through ongoing interactions with other rapidly evolving molecules in the env...

    Authors: Meena K. Sakharkar, Kishore R. Sakharkar and Vincent T.K. Chow
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:320
  17. This paper reports the identification of a novel cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDHIAI) allele. One hundred and sixty-two Indo-Trinidadian and 85 Afro-Trinidadian individuals were genotyped. A novel ALDHIAI

    Authors: Shelley M. Moore, Tiebing Liang, Tamara J. Graves, Kevin M. McCall, Lucinda G. Carr and Cindy L. Ehlers
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:304
  18. There exist four fundamentally different classes of membrane-bound transport proteins: ion channels; transporters; aquaporins; and ATP-powered pumps. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are an example of A...

    Authors: Vasilis Vasiliou, Konstandinos Vasiliou and Daniel W. Nebert
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:281
  19. The past few decades have witnessed much progress in the field of pharmacogenetics. The identification of the genetic background that regulates the antidepressant response has benefited from these advances. Th...

    Authors: Antonio Drago, Diana De Ronchi and Alessandro Serretti
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:257
  20. Microbial communities play vital roles in many aspects of our lives, although our understanding of microbial biogeography and community profiles remains unclear. The number of microbes or the diversity of the ...

    Authors: Melissa Doud, Erliang Zeng, Lisa Schneper, Giri Narasimhan and Kalai Mathee
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:246
  21. Transcription factors are key mediators of human complex disease processes. Identifying the target genes of transcription factors will increase our understanding of the biological network leading to disease ri...

    Authors: Tianyuan Wang, Terrence S Furey, Jessica J Connelly, Shihao Ji, Sarah Nelson, Steffen Heber, Simon G Gregory and Elizabeth R Hauser
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:221
  22. A large body of evidence suggests that the environment plays an important role in the development of obesity. The hormone-sensitive lipase (encoded by the LIPE gene) is an intracellular enzyme that mobilises fat ...

    Authors: Christophe Garenc, Marie-Claude Vohl, Claude Bouchard and Louis Pérusse
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:157
  23. Alcoholism is a complex behavioural disorder. Molecular genetics studies have identified numerous candidate genes associated with alcoholism. It is crucial to verify the disease susceptibility genes by correla...

    Authors: Giia-Sheun Peng and Shih-Jiun Yin
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:121
  24. Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (SSADH; aldehyde dehydrogenase 5A1 [ALDH5A1]; locus 6p22) occupies a central position in central nervous system (CNS) neurotransmitter metabolism as one of two enzymes neces...

    Authors: Patrizia Malaspina, Matthew J. Picklo, C. Jakobs, O. Carter Snead and K. Michael Gibson
    Citation: Human Genomics 2009 3:106

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