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  1. Content type: Primary research

    Recent innovations in gene analysis technology have allowed for rapid and inexpensive sequencing of entire genomes. Thus, both conducting a study using whole genome sequencing (WGS) in a large population and t...

    Authors: Taketoshi Okita, Noriko Ohashi, Daijiro Kabata, Ayumi Shintani and Kazuto Kato

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:21

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  2. Content type: Primary research

    The APOBEC gene family of cytidine deaminases plays important roles in DNA repair and mRNA editing. In many cancers, APOBEC3B increases the mutation load, generating clusters of closely spaced, single-strand-spec...

    Authors: Suleyman Vural, Richard Simon and Julia Krushkal

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:20

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  3. Content type: Primary research

    In individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), exon skipping treatment to restore a wild-type phenotype or correct the frame shift of the mRNA transcript of the dystrophin (DMD) gene are mutation-specific...

    Authors: Nasser A. Elhawary, Essam H. Jiffri, Samira Jambi, Ahmad H. Mufti, Anas Dannoun, Hassan Kordi, Asim Khogeer, Osama H. Jiffri, Abdelrahman N. Elhawary and Mohammed T. Tayeb

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:18

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  4. Content type: Primary research

    While there is an ongoing trend to identify single nucleotide substitutions (SNSs) that are linked to inter/intra-species differences and disease phenotypes, short tandem repeats (STRs)/microsatellites may be ...

    Authors: N. Nazaripanah, F. Adelirad, A. Delbari, R. Sahaf, T. Abbasi-Asl and M. Ohadi

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:17

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  5. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial regulators of gene expression in normal development and cellular homeostasis. While miRNA repositories contain thousands of unique sequences, they primarily contain molecules tha...

    Authors: Brenda C. Minatel, Victor D. Martinez, Kevin W. Ng, Adam P. Sage, Tomas Tokar, Erin A. Marshall, Christine Anderson, Katey S. S. Enfield, Greg L. Stewart, Patricia P. Reis, Igor Jurisica and Wan L. Lam

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:16

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  6. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Previous studies demonstrated that massive induction of transcriptional readthrough generates downstream of gene-containing transcripts (DoGs) in cells under stress condition. Here, we analyzed TSS-seq (transc...

    Authors: Ming-Yu Huang and Ji-Long Liu

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:15

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Pompe disease (PD) is an autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease due to a mutation of the acid α-glucosidase (GAA) gene. In adult patients, PD is characterized by slowly progressive limb-girdle and trunk m...

    Authors: U. Plöckinger, V. Prasad, A. Ziagaki, N. Tiling and A. Poellinger

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:14

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  8. Content type: Opinion Article

    Governments, funding bodies, institutions, and publishers have developed a number of strategies to encourage researchers to facilitate access to datasets. The rationale behind this approach is that this will b...

    Authors: Jane Kaye, Sharon F. Terry, Eric Juengst, Sarah Coy, Jennifer R. Harris, Don Chalmers, Edward S. Dove, Isabelle Budin-Ljøsne, Clement Adebamowo, Emilomo Ogbe, Louise Bezuidenhout, Michael Morrison, Joel T. Minion, Madeleine J. Murtagh, Jusaku Minari, Harriet Teare…

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:13

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  9. Content type: Primary Research

    Genomic sequencing of children in research raises complex ethical issues. This study aims to gain more knowledge on the attitudes towards the inclusion of children as research subjects in genomic research and ...

    Authors: Anna Sundby, Merete Watt Boolsen, Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf, Henrik Ullum, Thomas Folkmann Hansen and Ole Mors

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:12

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  10. Content type: Primary Research

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a common condition with a population prevalence frequency of 1–3% and an enrichment for males, driven in part by the contribution of mutant alleles on the X-chromosome. Among th...

    Authors: Georgios Kellaris, Kamal Khan, Shahid M. Baig, I-Chun Tsai, Francisca Millan Zamora, Paul Ruggieri, Marvin R. Natowicz and Nicholas Katsanis

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:11

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  11. Content type: Meeting Report

    Authors: Georgia Charkoftaki, Nicholas J. W. Rattray, Per E. Andrén, Richard M. Caprioli, Steve Castellino, Mark W. Duncan, Richard J. A. Goodwin, Kevin L. Schey, Sheerin K. Shahidi-Latham, Kirill A. Veselkov, Caroline H. Johnson and Vasilis Vasiliou

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:10

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  12. Content type: Review

    There is a growing support for the stance that patients and research participants should have better and easier access to their raw (uninterpreted) genomic sequence data in both clinical and research contexts.

    Authors: Adrian Thorogood, Jason Bobe, Barbara Prainsack, Anna Middleton, Erick Scott, Sarah Nelson, Manuel Corpas, Natasha Bonhomme, Laura Lyman Rodriguez, Madeleine Murtagh and Erika Kleiderman

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:7

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  13. Content type: Primary Research

    National and international efforts like the 1000 Genomes Project are leading to increasing insights in the genetic structure of populations worldwide. Variation between different populations necessitates acces...

    Authors: Jimmy Van den Eynden, Tine Descamps, Els Delporte, Nancy H. C. Roosens, Sigrid C. J. De Keersmaecker, Vanessa De Wit, Joris Robert Vermeesch, Els Goetghebeur, Jean Tafforeau, Stefaan Demarest, Marc Van den Bulcke and Herman Van Oyen

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:6

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  14. Content type: Meeting Report

    The 2017 KidGen Renal Genetics Symposium was held at the Royal Children’s Hospital and Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Melbourne, from 6 to 8 December 2017. This meeting addressed clinical, diagnostic, ...

    Authors: Kushani Jayasinghe, Cathy Quinlan, Zornitza Stark, Chirag Patel, Matthew G. Sampson, Moin Saleem and Andrew J. Mallett

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:5

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  15. Content type: Review

    Over the past 20 years, advances in genomic technology have enabled unparalleled access to the information contained within the human genome. However, the multiple genetic variants associated with various dise...

    Authors: Nicholas J. W. Rattray, Nicole C. Deziel, Joshua D. Wallach, Sajid A. Khan, Vasilis Vasiliou, John P. A. Ioannidis and Caroline H. Johnson

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:4

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  16. Content type: Primary Research

    Whole-exome sequencing (WES) over the last few years has been increasingly employed for clinical diagnosis. However, one caveat with its use is that it inevitably fails to detect disease-causative variants that o...

    Authors: Ye Wang, Xueli Wu, Liu Du, Ju Zheng, Songqing Deng, Xin Bi, Qiuyan Chen, Hongning Xie, Claude Férec, David N. Cooper, Yanmin Luo, Qun Fang and Jian-Min Chen

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:3

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  17. Content type: Genome Database

    Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have previously been emerged as key players in a series of biological processes. Dysregulation of lncRNA is correlated to human diseases including neurological disorders. Here, w...

    Authors: Min Chen, Jiayan Wang, Yingjun Luo, Kailing Huang, Xiaoshun Shi, Yanhui Liu, Jin Li, Zhengfei Lai, Shuya Xue, Haimei Gao, Allen Chen and Dunjin Chen

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:2

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  18. Content type: Primary Research

    Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, many genetic variants show sug...

    Authors: Jarrett D. Morrow, Michael H. Cho, John Platig, Xiaobo Zhou, Dawn L. DeMeo, Weiliang Qiu, Bartholome Celli, Nathaniel Marchetti, Gerard J. Criner, Raphael Bueno, George R. Washko, Kimberly Glass, John Quackenbush, Edwin K. Silverman and Craig P. Hersh

    Citation: Human Genomics 2018 12:1

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  19. Content type: Primary Research

    HSF1 (heat shock factor 1) is a transcription factor that is found to facilitate malignant cancer development and proliferation. In cancer cells, HSF1 mediates a set of genes distinct from heat shock that cont...

    Authors: Christopher Q. Zhang, Heinric Williams, Thomas L. Prince and Eric S. Ho

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:35

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  20. Content type: Correction

    After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that there is a nomenclature issue with this article. At the time of acceptance, the VARS2 mutation was considered equivalent to the V...

    Authors: Abdulaziz Alsemari, Banan Al-Younes, Ewa Goljan, Dyala Jaroudi, Faisal BinHumaid, Brian F. Meyer, Stefan T. Arold and Dorota Monies

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:33

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    The original article was published in Human Genomics 2017 11:28

  21. Content type: Meeting Report

    The exposome is defined as “the totality of environmental exposures encountered from birth to death” and was developed to address the need for comprehensive environmental exposure assessment to better understa...

    Authors: Caroline H. Johnson, Toby J. Athersuch, Gwen W. Collman, Suraj Dhungana, David F. Grant, Dean P. Jones, Chirag J. Patel and Vasilis Vasiliou

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:32

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  22. Content type: Primary Research

    Genomic profiling of malignant tumours has assisted clinicians in providing targeted therapies for many serious cancer-related illnesses. Although the characterisation of somatic mutations is the primary aim o...

    Authors: Yasmin Bylstra, Tamra Lysaght, Jyothi Thrivikraman, Sangeetha Watson and Patrick Tan

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:31

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  23. Content type: Primary Research

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease whose complex pathology has been associated with a strong genetic component in the context of both familial and sporadic disease. Herein, we adopted...

    Authors: Konstantinos Mitropoulos, Eleni Merkouri Papadima, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Angeliki Balasopoulou, Kyriaki Charalampidou, Vasiliki Galani, Krystallia-Vassiliki Zafeiri, Efthymios Dardiotis, Styliani Ralli, Georgia Deretzi, Anne John, Kyriaki Kydonopoulou, Elpida Papadopoulou, Alba di Pardo, Fulya Akcimen, Annalisa Loizedda…

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:30

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  24. Content type: Primary Research

    Peptidylglycine-α-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) may play a role in the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), which is a hormone involved in the maintenance of blood pressure (BP). The objective of the...

    Authors: Hye Jin Yoo, Minjoo Kim, Minkyung Kim, Jey Sook Chae, Sang-Hyun Lee and Jong Ho Lee

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:29

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  25. Content type: Primary Research

    Most mitochondrial and cytoplasmic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are encoded by nuclear genes. Syndromic disorders resulting from mutation of aaRSs genes display significant phenotypic heterogeneity. We e...

    Authors: Abdulaziz Alsemari, Banan Al-Younes, Ewa Goljan, Dyala Jaroudi, Faisal BinHumaid, Brian F. Meyer, Stefan T. Arold and Dorota Monies

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:28

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Human Genomics 2017 11:33

  26. Content type: Primary Research

    Lymphedema (LE) is a chronic clinical manifestation of filarial nematode infections characterized by lymphatic dysfunction and subsequent accumulation of protein-rich fluid in the interstitial space—lymphatic ...

    Authors: Linda Batsa Debrah, Anna Albers, Alexander Yaw Debrah, Felix F. Brockschmidt, Tim Becker, Christine Herold, Andrea Hofmann, Jubin Osei-Mensah, Yusif Mubarik, Holger Fröhlich, Achim Hoerauf and Kenneth Pfarr

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:26

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  27. Content type: Primary Research

    Five affected individuals with syndromic tremulous dystonia, spasticity, and white matter disease from a consanguineous extended family covering a period of over 24 years are presented. A positional cloning ap...

    Authors: Dorota Monies, Hussam Abou Al-Shaar, Ewa A. Goljan, Banan Al-Younes, Muna Monther Abdullah Al-Breacan, Maher Mohammed Al-Saif, Salma M. Wakil, Brian F. Meyer, Khalid S. A. Khabar and Saeed Bohlega

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:25

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  28. Content type: Primary Research

    Human erythropoiesis is characterized by distinct gene expression profiles at various developmental stages. Previous studies suggest that fetal-to-adult hemoglobin switch is regulated by a complex mechanism, i...

    Authors: Vasiliki Chondrou, Petros Kolovos, Argyro Sgourou, Alexandra Kourakli, Alexia Pavlidaki, Vlasia Kastrinou, Anne John, Argiris Symeonidis, Bassam R. Ali, Adamantia Papachatzopoulou, Theodora Katsila and George P. Patrinos

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:24

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  29. Content type: Opinion Article

    There are bioethical, institutional, economic, legal, and cultural obstacles to creating the robust-precompetitive-data resource that will be required to advance the vision of “precision medicine,” the ability...

    Authors: Maynard V. Olson

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:23

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  30. Content type: Primary Research

    Observations of recurrent somatic mutations in tumors have led to identification and definition of signaling and other pathways that are important for cancer progression and therapeutic targeting. As tumor cel...

    Authors: Jamie K. Teer, Yonghong Zhang, Lu Chen, Eric A. Welsh, W. Douglas Cress, Steven A. Eschrich and Anders E. Berglund

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:22

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  31. Content type: Primary Research

    Growing evidence suggests that spiritual/religious involvement may have beneficial effects on both psychological and physical functions. However, the biological basis for this relationship remains unclear. Thi...

    Authors: Junji Ohnishi, Satoshi Ayuzawa, Seiji Nakamura, Shigeko Sakamoto, Miyo Hori, Tomoko Sasaoka, Eriko Takimoto-Ohnishi, Masakazu Tanatsugu and Kazuo Murakami

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:21

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  32. Content type: Opinion

    This paper considers the tensions created in genomic research by public and private for-profit ideals. Our intent is to strengthen the public good at a time when doing science is strongly motivated by market p...

    Authors: Benjamin Capps, Ruth Chadwick, Yann Joly, John J. Mulvihill, Tamra Lysaght and Hub Zwart

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:20

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  33. Content type: Primary Research

    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare bone disorder. In 90% of cases, OI is caused by mutations in the COL1A1/2 genes, which code procollagen α1 and α2 chains. The main aim of the current research was to identif...

    Authors: Lidiia Zhytnik, Katre Maasalu, Ene Reimann, Ele Prans, Sulev Kõks and Aare Märtson

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:19

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  34. Content type: Primary Research

    Autosomal recessive forms of retinitis punctata albescens (RPA) have been described. RPA is characterized by progressive retinal degeneration due to alteration in visual cycle and consequent deposit of photopi...

    Authors: Concetta Scimone, Luigi Donato, Teresa Esposito, Carmela Rinaldi, Rosalia D’Angelo and Antonina Sidoti

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:18

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  35. Content type: Primary Research

    The ciliopathies represent an umbrella group of >50 clinical entities that share both clinical features and molecular etiology underscored by structural and functional defects of the primary cilium. Despite th...

    Authors: Benjamin M. Helm, Jason R. Willer, Azita Sadeghpour, Christelle Golzio, Eric Crouch, Samantha Schrier Vergano, Nicholas Katsanis and Erica E. Davis

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:16

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  36. Content type: Primary Research

    Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) causes adult T cell leukemia (ATL) in a proportion of infected individuals after a long latency period. Development of ATL is a multistep clonal process that can be ...

    Authors: Amir Farmanbar, Sanaz Firouzi, Wojciech Makałowski, Masako Iwanaga, Kaoru Uchimaru, Atae Utsunomiya, Toshiki Watanabe and Kenta Nakai

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:15

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  37. Content type: Primary Research

    Breast cancer is the most common among women worldwide, and ovarian cancer is the most difficult gynecological tumor to diagnose and with the lowest chance of cure. Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes increase the...

    Authors: Ana Lígia Buzolin, Caroline Mônaco Moreira, Patricia Rossi Sacramento, Andre Yuji Oku, Alexandre Ricardo dos Santos Fornari, David Santos Marco Antonio, Caio Robledo D Angioli Costa Quaio, Wagner Rosa Baratela and Miguel Mitne-Neto

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:14

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  38. Content type: Review

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) #162200) is an autosomal dominantly inherited tumour predisposition syndrome. Heritable constitutional mutations in the NF1 gene result in...

    Authors: Charlotte Philpott, Hannah Tovell, Ian M. Frayling, David N. Cooper and Meena Upadhyaya

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:13

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  39. Content type: Review

    Neurodegenerative diseases (NGDs) such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s are debilitating and largely untreatable conditions strongly linked to age. The clinical, neuropathological, and genetic components of NGDs...

    Authors: Yiru Anning Wang, Jan Edward Kammenga and Simon Crawford Harvey

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:12

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  40. Content type: Primary research

    The identification of disease-causing variants in autosomal dominant diseases using exome-sequencing data remains a difficult task in small pedigrees. We combined several strategies to improve filtering and pr...

    Authors: Teresa Requena, Alvaro Gallego-Martinez and Jose A. Lopez-Escamez

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:11

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  41. Content type: Primary Research

    Genetic variant effect prediction algorithms are used extensively in clinical genomics and research to determine the likely consequences of amino acid substitutions on protein function. It is vital that we bet...

    Authors: Khalid Mahmood, Chol-hee Jung, Gayle Philip, Peter Georgeson, Jessica Chung, Bernard J. Pope and Daniel J. Park

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:10

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  42. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    A reservoir of HIV-1 is a major obstacle in eliminating HIV-1 in patients because it can reactivate in stopping antiretroviral therapy (ART). Histone modifications, such as acetylation and methylation, play a ...

    Authors: Kyung-Chang Kim, Sunyoung Lee, Junseock Son, Younghyun Shin, Cheol-Hee Yoon, Chun Kang and Byeong-Sun Choi

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:9

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  43. Content type: Primary Research

    Epidemiological studies of DNA methylation profiles may uncover the molecular mechanisms through which genetic and environmental factors contribute to the risk of multifactorial diseases. There are two types o...

    Authors: Itsuki Taniguchi, Chihiro Iwaya, Keizo Ohnaka, Hiroki Shibata and Ken Yamamoto

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:8

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  44. Content type: Primary Research

    SPINK1 (serine protease inhibitor, kazal-type, 1), which encodes human pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor, is one of the most extensively studied genes underlying chronic pancreati...

    Authors: Wen-Bin Zou, Hao Wu, Arnaud Boulling, David N. Cooper, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhuan Liao, Jian-Min Chen and Claude Férec

    Citation: Human Genomics 2017 11:7

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